Surroundings as Culture: Action Programme for Aesthetics in Public Environment
The natural world has long held aesthetic attraction, but environmental aesthetics is onlynow emerging as a discipline in its own right, with distinctive concepts, issues, and theories. Inthe last two decades, scholars have begun in earnest to develop the field from scatteredbeginnings that predate the current environmental movement. For environmental aesthetics doesnot stand apart from other kinds of research. It draws from philosophy, anthropology,psychology, literary theory and criticism, cultural geography, architecture, and environmentaldesign, as well as from the arts. It is also related to philosophy, in particular, for ontology, ethics,and the theory of art. Moreover, environmental aesthetics has implications as well forgovernmental policy and social practice. Like environment itself, the field of environmentalaesthetics extends broadly and on many levels. This article will explore this field in severaldirections: historical, conceptual, experiential, and practical.